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visa [2016/08/18 20:27] (current)
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 +===== Visa =====
 +The oil crisis in turn led to the development of the LN and Visa, using Peugeot parts. The BX was unveiled at the 1982 Paris Motor Show and spawned several diferent variations swiftly followed by the AX - an excellent light and ecomical car, which would eventually take over from the LNA, Visa and 2CV.
 + The Visa was launched at the Paris Salon in 1978 to replace the Ami 8. The development of this new compact car started life in the early 70's as '​Projet Y2'. Initially using the Fiat 127 platform, once the rapprochement with Fiat ended, the project was redefined. It now incorporated a genuine Citroën floorpan with a torsion bar suspension. The original design brief called for the use of either the air-cooled 2 cylinder or the air-cooled 4 cylinder engine from the GS. 
 + '​Projet VD' or '​Voiture Diminuée',​ as it was now called, addressed itself to the need for a small, robust, modern car. A number of styling exercises were undertaken but in 1974, Peugeot acquired Citroën and the project was redefined (again) to incorporate the floor pan of the Peugeot 104, thereby permitting the use of the 104 engine and transmission. ​
 +Project VD eventually became three cars: LN(A), Visa and the closest to the original, the Axel which was built in Romania by Oltcit. The Axel comprises the original torsion bar suspension and lots of other original details. The LN and Visa use MacPherson struts at the front as in the Peugeot 104.  ​
 +The LN was launched in September 1976. Citroën received a lot of critisicm when the LN was showed to the public. In fact it was a rebatched Peugeot, fitted with 2 cylinder engines. The LNA was not the success like the Peugeot 104. Only in France and Italy it was very popular. The launch of the Visa meant a direct rival for the LNA. The course Peugeot wanted for Citroën was very obscure; was Citroën to make rebatched Peugeots like the LNA or was Citroën still allowed to use their own designs (Visa, Axel, BX, AX)? 
 +In 1978, Citroën showed the Visa at the Paris Motor Show. Two engine variants were offered - a 652cc air-cooled flat twin, developed from that of the 2CV, or a Peugeot derived 1124cc water-cooled four cylinder. Although based on 104 underpinnings,​ the bodywork was pure Citroën - as, surprisingly,​ was the ride which, front MacPherson struts notwithstanding,​ offered the legendary comfort and roadholding for which Citroëns are renowned. ​
 +It took until 1984 before the Axel was introduced. The original design of the Project VD found its way to Romenia where the Axel was produced in the Romenian government/​Citroen-driven factory Oltcit. The Axel never became the succes it was originally meant. Only in the COMECON-countries in Eastern-Europe it was a fair success. ​
visa.txt · Last modified: 2016/08/18 20:27 (external edit)